by Morley Evans
Specialists often do not see the forest for the trees. They are busy examining bark and leaves. They do not see the big picture. Generalists rely on specialists for the information that makes the big picture. Without the details there cannot be a picture. Both are important.
What happened to the Vikings? The usual answer is that they faded away after the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066 to become the peaceful, Christian, Scandinavians we know today. That is completely incorrect. The correct answer is they did not fade away. They changed their name and their persona. They became the people they conquered: 1). Some of the Vikings became Normans who, after a couple of generations, became French; in 1066, the Normans invaded England (immediately after Stamford Bridge) and after a couple of generations became English; after 500 years the French got rid of the English in 1453 with the Battle of Castillon. The English became the Americans in 1776. The American empire subsumed the British Empire in 1945. We live today in the Viking Empire that traces itself directly down through history to William the Conqueror in 1066 and his Viking predecessors. William's descendant lives in the castle he built at Windsor. Her name is Elizabeth II.
|France at the time of Joan of Arc 1415|